Ex-state tropper sentenced for molesting foster child

GREEN COUNTY, WI (WTAQ) - A former state trooper will spend 20 years in prison for molesting a teenage foster child.

49-year-old James Norquay of Juda must also spend 15 years under extended supervision when he’s no longer behind bars.

A Green County jury convicted Norquay last November on 3 felony counts of child sexual assault by a foster parent, two counts of incest, and a charge of second-degree child sex assault.

State investigators said the incidents occurred at Norquay’s former home in the town of Clarno, where the girl was placed for foster care in late 2008 when she was 15.

The man adopted the girl a year later.

Officials said the molestation continued until January of last year, when the child was removed from the home following a state investigation.

Rodarte Foster Mom Accused of Child Abuse

A Rodarte woman is facing charges of child abuse after her foster daughter was hospitalized in Espanola, The Taos News reported.

Lonnie Fresquez, 22, told State Police she knew her niece and foster daughter was “limping around” but was unaware of the extent of the child’s injuries that allegedly occurred on Dec. 2, The News said.

Fresquez told police she took the child to the doctor after the child woke up screaming in pain, but case workers with the state Children, Youth and Families Department said Fresquez neglected to tell them of the child’s injuries, the paper reported.

According to documents in the case, doctors at Espanola’s Presbyterian Hospital said the child had “multiple fractures that don’t correlate with the story given” and that those fractures were found on both the child’s arms, her collarbone, both hands and the girl’s right femur and tibia, The News said.

Doctors also noted that the child had severe bruising, documents said.

Fresquez also told police that another injury occured when the child bit another family member and was bitten in the face, The News said.

Foster mother gets life for torture, murder

Friday, January 06, 2012

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MARTINEZ, Calif. -- A judge Friday morning sentenced Antioch woman Shemeeka Davis to life in prison for torturing and abusing her two foster children and for murdering one of them.

Shemeeka Davis, 41, was sentenced to 25 years to life in prison for the torture and murder of 15-year-old Jazzmin Davis and to life in prison with the possibility of parole for the torture of her twin brother, who survived years of abuse.

Davis, the aunt of Jazzmin and her brother, wept loudly throughout today's hearing and as the sentence was handed down.

"I'd like to say that I'm very sorry," she said between sobs. "This was never my intention ... and I wish I could change everything."

On Sept. 2, 2008, Jazzmin's naked, gaunt and scarred body was found on the floor inside the Antioch home where for years, the only mother she had known abused her and her brother.

Police said that when she died, the teen was 5 foot 7 feet tall and weighed about 78 pounds.

A coroner's report found that she died from a combination of repeated physical abuse and malnutrition, Deputy District Attorney Satish Jallepalli said.

Jazzmin's twin brother was also found to be scarred and severely malnourished, but survived and testified during Davis' trial last summer.

At the end of the trial last June, a jury convicted Davis of first-degree murder, torture and felony child abuse charges and found her legally sane at the time she committed the crimes, despite her dual plea of not guilty and not guilty by reason of insanity.

Defense attorney Betty Barker argued throughout the trial that Davis suffers from severe mental illnesses, including psychotic delusions, which prevented her from forming the intent to torture the twins.

Jallepalli agreed that Davis is mentally ill, but argued that she chose to keep hurting the children and covered up the abuse because she knew it was wrong -- skipping the twins' doctor's appointments and keeping them home from school.

She had taken custody of the twins - who were born to a crack-addicted mother - shortly after they were born, raising them in addition to her three biological children.

A week before Jazzmin died, Davis was granted legal guardianship of the twins.

But Jallepalli said during Davis' trial that there was a clear difference in how she treated her niece and nephew.

The twins were not allowed to eat with her biological children and were not given the same food, if any at all, he said.

Davis would also lock the pair in a closet for long periods of time, forcing them to urinate and defecate on the floor.

When the twins were about 9 years old, Davis began beating them with belts.

Jallepalli said during the trial that over the years, Davis used electrical cords, a wooden rod and a belt with an attached padlock to beat the children and sometimes burned them with an iron.

As the beatings escalated, Davis stopped taking her nephew to doctor appointments to be treated for sickle cell anemia. In the year before Jazzmin's death, she also kept the teen home from school and even kept her from leaving the house, Jallepalli said.

Social workers who monitored the twins' care throughout their lives never noticed or reported the abuse, attorneys said.

The San Francisco Human Services Agency, which was in charge of overseeing the twins' care, agreed last year to a $4 million settlement with Jazzmin's brother.

The Antioch Unified School District agreed to settle with the teen for $750,000 and has implemented changes to its attendance policy.

Before handing down the sentence in Contra Costa County Superior Court today, Judge Susanne Fenstermache heard emotional statements from several of Davis' family members, who requested leniency.

"I've known her all my life, and I know that she's not a monster ... we will continue to pray for her and support her," said one man, Davis' cousin.

Jallepalli read two letters from other family members of the twins addressed to the court, including an aunt who wrote, "I can't begin to imagine how my niece felt during that last attack ... please have no mercy for sentencing."

The prosecutor also read entries from Jazzmin's journal in the months leading up to her death in which she wrote how much she loved her foster mother and wanted to make her happy.

In a later entry, Jazzmin described being "in big trouble" for failing to clean the bathroom.

"I'm going to lose all my privileges and end up in the same position I started in ... I'm so confused ... someone help," she wrote. Before handing down the sentence, the judge told Davis that she didn't consider her a monster.

"This is a sad day for everyone," Fenstermache said. "I know you wish you could undo this ... but it's been done."

Davis will be 69 years old when she becomes eligible for parole, attorneys said.

(Copyright 2012 by Bay City News, Inc. Republication, re-transmission or reuse without the express written consent of Bay City News, Inc. Is prohibited.)




Foster mom allowed fights, charges show

by SEAN KIMMONS

A Buda foster mother accused of letting two children under her care fight multiple times has landed a felony charge, court records show.

Cathy Garza, 42, allegedly watched her foster children, a 14-year-old girl and 12-year-old boy, spar at least three times, one of which Garza held onto the boy’s arms as he was punched, authorities say.

On Dec. 14, Hays County Sheriff’s Office deputies responded to a delayed report of an assault in the 1000 block of Shadow Creek Boulevard, where Garza told them that the boy hit the teenage girl with a four-by-four block of wood, an arrest affidavit says.

When Deputy Amber Vaughan spoke to the boy, he asked her to look at his back where she observed several bruises and a large bump on the back of his head. The boy told her that Garza was in the same room when he was beaten up by the girl that night. After being punched in the first of the attacks, the boy picked up a one-by-six piece of wood from a dresser in his bedroom and hit the girl’s wrist. The girl then began to knock the boy around again while Garza refused to step in, both children said in the affidavit.

In a third attack on the boy, Garza said she restrained the boy by his arms as the girl continued to pound him. During the fray, the boy put his finger into the girl’s mouth which she bit and caused to bleed. Garza then said she was forced to throw the boy against the wall to stop the scuffle, according to the affidavit, written by Vaughan.

Afterward, Garza chose to take the teenage girl to the emergency room for minor bruising to her wrist, denying the boy any medical treatment, Vaughan reported.

Garza has been charged with injury to a child, a third-degree felony. She was booked and released Dec. 15 on a $10,000 bond, jail records show. It is unclear who is currently supervising the two children.

Foster mother indicted in 8-month-old boy's drowning

A northwest Arizona foster parent has been charged in the drowning death of an infant she was caring for last year.

Elizabeth Dawn Stone, 30, was indicted on a manslaughter charge in the Sept. 25 death of 8-month-old David Whatahomigie.

The boy had been under the foster care of Stone and her fiance for about three months before he accidentally drowned. Whatahomigie was taking a bath with a 3-year-old child when Stone left them unattended for three to five minutes, according to reports.

The baby was pulled from the water and rushed to Kingman Regional Medical Center where he was pronounced dead. The reports indicated that Stone had cared for some 50 foster kids without incident over a six-year period.

The Mohave County Sheriff's Office investigated the accidental drowning in the community of Valle Vista, about 15 miles north of Kingman. Reports indicate the infant, who suffered symptoms of fetal alcohol syndrome, had been placed in foster care by Hualapai Tribal social service workers.


Woman accused of sexual abuse of foster son

A Springfield woman remains jailed after being arrested last week for allegedly having sexual intercourse with her 16-year-old foster son in Washington Park.

Gwanda K. Tribbet, 47, of the 100 block of North MacArthur Boulevard is charged with aggravated criminal sexual abuse and criminal sexual assault. Her bond is set at $250,000.

The boy and another foster child in Tribbet's care were removed from the home after Tribbet's arrest Dec. 28 and have been placed with other foster families in Springfield, according to Kendall Marlowe, spokesman for the Illinois Department of Children and Family Services.

DCFS has opened an investigation. There were no prior DCFS investigations against Tribbet, who has been a foster parent for about 15 years, Marlowe said.

According to Springfield Park District police, an officer on patrol saw a vehicle parked in a back corner of the parking lot of the rose garden at Washington Park. A coat was draped over the window, which heightened the officer's suspicions, so he walked up and shined a light on it and found Tribbet and the boy inside.

As the two were getting dressed, police determined the boy was 16 and that the woman was his foster mother.

Police said the boy told the officer the two were having sexual intercourse. They said Tribbet denied it at first, but admitted to "some fondling and other things," police said.

The officer notified DCFS and the Sangamon County Child Advocacy Center, which sent detectives from Illinois State Police to interview the boy and Tribbet.

Police said Tribbet later admitted having sexual intercourse with the boy three or four times during the month that he had been in her care.

Marlowe declined to give the age of the second foster son in Tribbet's care. He could not say if investigators are looking into possible inappropriate contact between that child and Tribbet, noting that it is early in the investigation.

"Suffice it to say that is obviously something that we would look into," he said.

Jayette Bolinski can be reached at 788-1530.


Kingman foster mom charged in baby's death

8-month-old David Whatahomigie drowned in bathtub
A grand jury has indicted a foster mother on felony charges in the death of an 8-month-old baby who drowned in a bathtub while in her care.

Elizabeth Dawn Stone has been ordered to appear in court Thursday for her arraignment. She faces one count of manslaughter.

According to the Sheriff's Office's incident report, Stone told authorities she drew a bath in her Valle Vista home for 8-month-old David Whatahomigie and a 3-year-old foster child around 1 p.m. Sept. 25. Whatahomigie was a little fussy once in the water, Stone said, so she went to go retrieve a towel from a hall closet just outside the bathroom.

Stone said that while she was getting a towel, the phone rang and she went to the bedroom to answer it. At the same time, her fiancé came home and she greeted him before they returned to the bathroom and found Whatahomigie face down in the bathtub.

According to the report, Stone estimated she had been out of the bathroom for three to five minutes. That time frame was corroborated by an older child

Foster home sex assault case against 13-year-old boy 'horrifying,' Calgary police say

Foster home sex assault case against 13-year-old boy 'horrifying,' Calgary police say

By Sherri Zickefoose and Jason van Rassel, Calgary HeraldJanuary 6, 2012

CALGARY — Police are calling charges against a 13-year-old boy accused of sexually assaulting his three young foster home brothers “shocking” and “horrifying.”

The teen, who cannot be identified, is facing six sex charges after being arrested Tuesday. Police were called by a third party to a southwest foster home at 9:40 p.m. for a sexual assault complaint witnessed that day.

He remains in custody awaiting a bail hearing Monday.

The boy was living in the same foster home as the victims. who are ages six, four and two, according to police.

The rare case is “horrifying,” said child abuse unit Det. Stephen Johnston, who could recall only one other case involving an accused so young.

“This one, I dare say, is more shocking than most,” he said.

The accused had been living in the foster home for “quite a long time, a number of years,” said Johnston.

Police say they’re looking into the possibility that the alleged assaults had been ongoing.

There may be more victims, investigators say.

“That is a concern of ours,” said Johnston. “Given we’re dealing with very vulnerable people, we’re looking to learn if there were others.”

The diminutive, shaggy-haired teen, who appeared in youth court Thursday morning wearing a dark, baggy sweatshirt, answered Judge Stephen Lipton’s questions politely.

The teen remains in custody and is scheduled to appear in court again Monday for a bail hearing.

Lipton asked duty counsel James Conley and Crown prosecutor Marta Juzwiak if the Calgary Young Offender Centre had made arrangements in light of the allegations against the boy.

“I don’t know if he’s sharing a room with somebody else, but I’d be concerned if he is,” the judge said.

Police say they had been called to the southwest home in the past, but only for reports of an overdue bike ride.

On Tuesday, a call from a third party “with direct knowledge” alerted police to the house.

“This has been a horrifying experience for the witness as well. They’ve suffered,” said Johnston.

The 13-year-old boy, who cannot be named under provisions of the Youth Criminal Justice Act, has been charged with three counts of sexual assault and three counts of sexual interference.

The province has removed the children from the southwest foster home, which is shut down during an investigation by Alberta Human Services, which oversees children’s welfare.

Officials can’t say whether lack of supervision played a role in the sex abuse allegations.

“Any time there is an incident, we do conduct an investigation. Typically, we would assess the situation and make sure the children are safe and if they need to be in a new placement,” said spokeswoman Roxanne Dube Coelho.

“The kids would be removed and placed in a new home.”

Medical and psychological supports are being offered to the young victims, Dube Coelho said.

While foster homes are subject to regular monitoring by the province, no one can say how often the victims’ home was checked on due to privacy regulations, said Dube Coelho.

“We do checks on a regular basis, making sure kids are safe. We do ongoing monitoring.”

The Psychiatric Drugging of America's Foster Children



The most vulnerable among us are the littlest victims. Young children, torn from their birth families through various, often unspeakable tragedies. These children end up in state supervised foster care and too often are passed from hand to hand, house to house. There were approximately 662,000 children in foster care in the United States in 2010.

Now there is a Government Accounting Office (GAO) report confirming that foster children in five states -- Florida, Massachusetts, Michigan, Oregon and Texas -- are receiving shocking amounts of psychiatric drugs. In the words of ABC News, they are "being prescribed psychiatric medications at doses higher than the maximum levels approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in these five states alone. And hundreds of foster children received five or more psychiatric drugs at the same time despite absolutely no evidence supporting the simultaneous use or safety of this number of psychiatric drugs taken together." The ABC News report shows one 7-year-old holding a bag filled with 13 psychiatric medications that she had taken.

During the FDA drug-approval process, the maximum dose of a drug is determined by giving that drug by itself without any other psychoactive substances. When two or more psychiatric drugs are given together, each at its maximum dose, toxic levels of exposure can occur. In addition, some of these children are being given higher than the FDA-approved dose of individual drugs.

One young child
interviewed by ABC News described the effect of the antidepressant and antipsychotic drugs he was taking: "They made me feel like I had a thousand bricks on my head." Another child said, "Some of the medications were for ADHD but I'm not ADHD, I'm just naughty." A teen in foster care on multiple psychiatric drugs told ABC News she felt like a "guinea pig."

Foster children are provided government insurance in the form of Medicaid that includes "mental health" services such as psychiatric evaluations and prescription drug coverage. Individual states administer Medicaid and the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services is responsible for overseeing the state programs.

In the states surveyed by the GAO, children in Massachusetts fared worst. Thirty-nine percent of the foster care children aged 0-17 on Medicaid were prescribed at least one psychiatric drug. By comparison, 10 percent of non-foster care children in Massachusetts were prescribed at least one psychotropic medication under Medicaid. It's serious enough when 10 percent of non-foster care children from our poorer communities are receiving psychiatric drugs; it's even more tragic when 39 percent of our most poor and abandoned children are being inundated with these drugs.

Other states
in the GAO study had total numbers of foster care children on Medicaid being prescribed at least one psychiatric drug: Oregon -- 19.7 percent; Texas -- 32.2 percent; Florida -- 22 percent; and Michigan -- 21 percent. The statistics reported are eye-opening, and it is worthwhile to see the full GAO report. In Texas, for instance, 9.1 percent of foster care children aged 0-5 years old are on at least one psychiatric drug, and 58.2 percent of foster care children aged 13-17 years old are on at least one psychiatric drug. Massachussetts has 53.4 percent of foster care children aged 13-17 on at least one psychiatric drug, and almost 5 percent of foster children aged 0-5 are on at least one psychiatric drug.

Is this widespread psychiatric drugging medically appropriate or indicated? Absolutely not. First of all, these are young children, even infants, who have already been through extremely traumatic experiences. All of them have been taken from their homes and most of them will not have had a stable replacement home. Beyond that, one can only imagine their horrendous living conditions prior to being removed from their families of origin. These children do not need psychoactive substances -- they need the best human, caring services that our society can provide. The drugs may make them temporarily more docile, but by disrupting and suppressing normal brain function and development, they add new stressors to their lives and prevent them from adapting and growing as best as possible.

ABC News reports, "Of all the psychiatric medications, antipsychotics are, by far, the most prescribed, especially for foster children. Foster children are given anti-psychotics at a rate nine times higher than children not in foster care, according to a 2010 16-state analysis by Rutgers University of nearly 300,000 foster children."

These antipsychotic drugs -- including Abilify, Risperdal, Seroquel and Zyprexa -- can lead to obesity, elevated blood sugar and diabetes, pancreatitis, cardiovascular abnormalities and a disfiguring and sometimes disabling movement disorder called tardive dyskinesia. It's been suggested they could shorten lifespan by up to 25 years in patients exposed to them for decades. Evidence is accumulating that they can also lead to shrinkage of the brain in those patients exposed to them for years.

Why are these highly-toxic drugs being given to so many children in foster care? The antipsychotic drugs can suppress the highest centers of the brain -- the frontal lobes -- leading to indifference and apathy, which makes the children more docile and easier to manage. The use of multiple psychiatry drugs (polydrug therapy) produces similar effects. In the extreme, these children become zombie-like.

The newer antidepressant drugs such as Prozac, Paxil, Zoloft, Cymbalta, Lexapro, Wellbutrin, Effexor and Pristiq and have been shown to cause an increase in suicidal behavior in children. In addition, as the FDA-approved label and medication guides for these drugs confirm, they also can cause a general worsening of the individual's condition, including depression, anxiety, hostility, aggression, impulsivity and mania. Many studies also suggest that a high percentage of children are driven into abnormal mental states by these drugs. When a child develops any one of these adverse reactions they are likely to have additional psychiatric drugs added to their drug cocktail rather than being carefully withdrawn from the offending substances.

As ABC News documented with one mother, parents or foster parents who object to the prescriptions of mind-altering psychiatric drugs for their young children are likely to be threatened with removal of the child from their care. In a separate case in Detroit, a child who was on Medicaid due to physical disability was taken off her mind-altering psychiatric drug by her mother when she displayed adverse effects.

The prescribing clinic called child welfare services and reported the mother. Welfare services removed the child from her mother's care for a time. Fortunately, this child was later returned by court order to her mother and criminal charges against the mother were dismissed.

But word gets around. Complain about your child being placed on drugs and social services may intervene.

A mother in Millbrook, NY, was charged with medical neglect for not continuing her 4th grade son on a cocktail of psychiatric medications that was making him angry and listless. Off the drugs his energy returned and his mood improved, but public school officials kicked the boy out of school and reported the mother. The mother prevailed and was exonerated of "medical neglect" charges. Her son attended a private school and thrived. He is now a grown man and responsible citizen. His mother explained, "Kids don't need drugs, they need individualized education and better family life. The priorities are all screwed up."

In two of the ABC news foster care cases, the clinics that were authorized to deliver services to the children were also promoting themselves as being research facilities for "CNS Conditions" (central nervous system conditions, a misnomer for psychiatric conditions.) As research facilities those clinics have ties with pharmaceutical companies.

And what about the drug companies? Are they doing all they can to prevent the inappropriate use of their products? To the contrary, several of the largest drug companies have paid billions to settle claims they illegally marketed antipsychotics to children and other off-label populations, such as the elderly.

What is being done to these children should be viewed as chemical battery and child abuse. The misguided parents and foster parents are not the perpetrators. The psychopharmaceutical complex is the perpetrator, including the drug companies, the federal government and organized medicine and psychiatry.

The drugging of America's children raise many issues including parental rights, children's rights, child safety, off-label prescribing of the drugs and fraud and malpractice on the part of the researchers, psychiatrists and other prescribers. Most tragic is the silence! The stifled voices of victimized children and the self-serving silence of health professionals throughout the country who fail to take a public stand against the escalating drugging of our children.

Drugging traumatized foster children shoves them under society's rug and is in no way therapeutic for the child. There are humane and effective approaches to helping our most vulnerable children. First, they need to be protected from predatory psychiatrists and other prescribers. Second, they need improved social services that could keep many of them in their homes or provide better assistance, training and supervision to improved foster care homes. When they inevitably become emotionally distressed and at times behaviorally disturbing, they do not need chemical readjustments of their brains -- they need better attention from adults in the form of improved home-life or foster care, improved educational opportunities and psychosocial therapies aimed at helping them overcome and move beyond the trauma and stress they have endured and continue to endure as children and youth.

Sure, it's easier to give them drugs. But has anybody noticed -- it doesn't help them in the long run. Exposure to psychiatric drugs in childhood is dangerous and over time can be damaging, disabling and even deadly.

No agencies and no associations -- not NIMH, the American Medical Association, the American Psychiatric Association, the American Psychological Association, and the many other mental health associations -- are willing to call a halt to the massive tidal wave of mind altering psychiatric drugs being thrown at America's children. Several states, including Florida, Louisiana and New York have expelled "high prescribing" doctors from Medicaid but this is like nipping off the top of the iceberg. The primary problem remains: Placing children on psychiatric drugs instead of offering genuine help.

Dr. Robert Nelson, M.D., Ph.D. of the FDA Office of Pediatric Therapeutics, squirmed when challenged by Diane Sawyer in the ABC foster child series, but said the FDA had no plans to strengthen their warnings about psychiatric drugs and children.

The GAO, while courageously illuminating the great number of foster children on psychiatric drugs as well as the seriousness of children being exposed to multiple psychiatric drugs, falls far short of calling for the curtailment of the drugging of American children.

Twenty-five years ago, a tiny fraction of children were prescribed psychiatric medications, and that was largely confined to stimulants. In the early 1990s we were blowing the whistle on the increasing attention psychiatry was paying to children. I wrote an op-ed piece in the Wall Street Journal in 1989 and spoke frequently through the media about how children being blamed and diagnosed for problems in families, schools and in society. From 1990 to 1995 the increased prescribing of psychotropic drugs for preschoolers had begun.

What is to be done?

It is time for state attorney generals to launch full-scale investigations into the practices of these Medicaid psychiatrists. When appropriate, they should be charged with battery and with fraud, and sued for malpractice. But the psychiatrists are largely responding to the campaigns conducted by the psychopharmaceutical complex.The entire system, from the drug companies and insurance companies to the medical and psychiatric associations, and also the researchers and universities, need to be investigated for participating in this widespread medical abuse of children.

This Christmas, as many of us gather around a Christmas tree watching the children in our families wake up with shining eyes and happy laughter... remember. Remember that there were approximately 662,000 children in foster care in the United States in 2010.

Remember that many of these children will be waking up on Christmas morning to count out their multiple mind-altering psychiatric drugs that they have been prescribed by psychiatrists and other prescribers hired by the states in which they reside and paid for by tax dollars. These kids don't need psychiatric drugs, they need human "angels" to rescue them from a system that is stacked against their well-being.

Only an outraged citizenry will change this. Write your Congressional representatives and senators. Write your state representatives and senators. Write your state attorney general's office requesting a full investigation in your state of the crisis with foster children and psychiatric drugs. If you are a parent or a foster parent being pressured to keep your child on psychiatric drugs, call your local paper, referencing the ABC News investigation. If you are a reporter, plan a local series on this issue. If you are a teacher, a social worker or professional in the Medicaid system, consider becoming a whistleblower against the chemical assault of these children. If you are a medical professional learn how to help children safely taper off their psychiatric drugs while assisting their families in obtaining more useful services. Always remember that withdrawal from psychiatric drugs can be hazardous and needs to be done carefully with experienced clinical supervision.

It's the Christmas season. Let's not forget the kids who are so drugged their eyes cannot sparkle anymore. Become one of their real-life angels.

Peter R. Breggin, M.D. is a Harvard-trained psychiatrist and former full-time consultant with NIMH who is in private practice in Ithaca, New York. Dr. Breggin is the author of more than twenty books including the bestseller
Talking Back to Prozac and the medical book Brain-Disabling Treatments in Psychiatry, Second Edition. His most recent book is Medication Madness, the Role of Psychiatric Drugs in Cases of Violence, Suicide and Crime. He is also the author of dozens of peer-reviewed scientific articles, many in the field of psychopharmacology. On April 13-15, 2012 in Syracuse, New York, the annual conference of Dr. Breggin's 501c3 nonprofit international organization, The Center for the Study of Empathic Therapy, will present a panel of lawyers, experts, survivors and families concerning antidepressant-induced violence and crime. Conference information is available on www.EmpathicTherapy.org.